Chesapeake Physical and Aquatic Therapy
  Columbia- Supreme Sports Club: 410-381-7000
  River Hill/ Clarksville: 410-531-2525
  Elkridge Physical Therapy: 410-579-8999
  Columbia- Athletic Club: 410-740-0883
  Catonsville Physical Therapy: 410-719-8661
Owings Mills Physical Therapy: 410-654-2300
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Shoulder Injuries - Frozen Shoulder
  Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is a condition characterized by loss of motion through the shoulder joint. Most common
in people between the ages of 40 and 65, frozen shoulder is also more common in women than in men. An individual experiencing frozen shoulder will find difficulty inraising the arm above the head and across the body. Without proper treatment, symptoms will increase over time.
Frozen shoulder may have a number of causes, including overuse, enforced immobility, or damage due to a single traumatic event. Others who may experience frozen shoulder are those who suffer from diabetes (10 to 20% of diabetics experience frozen shoulder), Parkinson's disease, hyperthyroidism, and cardiovascular disease. This type of injury is diagnosed through a medical examination including an evaluation of medical history and testing to determine level of pain and range of motion. If necessary, a doctor may suggest an X-Ray to rule out further, more extensive damage to the shoulder joint. Suggested treatment may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroid injections, muscle relaxants, ice/heat, or physical therapy. Surgery is only recommended as a last resort for frozen shoulder. Surgical methods including arthroscopic repair and manipulation under anesthesia are most common. Arthroscopy is the surgical process designed to view the inner workings of a joint. It is a minimally invasive procedure that requires a small incision into the point into which an arthroscope (a small, lighted, fiber optic tool used for viewing the interior of a joint) is inserted. Once the arthroscope is inserted, a surgeon will then cut through adhesions (abnormal bands of tissue that grow between the joint surfaces, restricting motion). Manipulation is a procedure not requiring that incisions be made. During this procedure, the doctor will move the arm to break up adhesions.
Physical therapy may be recommended as the primary method of treatment for frozen shoulder. A physical therapist will employ such methods as manual therapy, ice/heat, therapeutic exercise, and stretching. Physical therapy is also imperative following surgical repair in order to prevent future injury.
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